Know All About Periodontitis

What is Periodontitis
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           Know All About Periodontitis

The other parts of our body are given additional attention and care, but we often tend to neglect our oral health. This is when oral problems start to surface, such as gingivitis and periodontitis. Periodontal illnesses affect 30%-50% of the world’s population

Are your teeth longer than normal? Try to shake them with your fingers slightly. Do they feel like they’re going to fall off at any time? You may have periodontitis and you need to visit a dentist right away! Keep reading to learn more about this oral issue and how it can be handled.

What Is Periodontitis?

Periodontitis (or gum illness) is a severe gum infection that can harm your teeth’s soft tissues and bone. If left untreated, this condition may totally deteriorate the alveolar bone around the teeth. This can loosen your teeth and may even cause some of them to fall off.

While periodontitis is quite prevalent, it can be prevented to a large extent.

Periodontitis is generally the gum disease’s second phase. Periodontal disease or gum disease is generally divided into three phases.

Stages Of Periodontal Disease

The three primary phases of the periodontal disease are

Stage 1 – Gingivitis

This is the disease’s most frequent phase. It results in plaque building around your gums and in some instances can trigger inflammation, swelling, and even bleeding.

Stage 2 – Periodontitis

If gingivitis remains untreated, it may become serious and cause periodontitis. This disease continues to threaten the gums, jawbone, and adjacent bone.

Stage 3 – Advanced Periodontitis or Periodontal Disease

You are at high danger of losing some of your teeth as well as the bones and fibers that sustain them when periodontitis progresses to this point. This is the most serious phase that can lead to constant poor breath, toothaches, tooth loss, bone loss, etc. We are dealing with the second phase of gum illness in this article–periodontitis.

Signs And Symptoms

The prevalent symptoms of periodontitis are

  • Inflamed, puffy or swollen gums
  • Gums can be bright red or violet
  • Tender gums that can readily spread
  • Receiving gums that can make your teeth appear longer.
  • Pus between your teeth and gums
  • Bad breath
  • Toothache, particularly when chewing food

Causes Of Periodontitis Disease

Most periodontitis instances start with plaque formation on your teeth and gums. Plaque formation may further lead through the following stages to the growth of periodontitis:

  • The starches and sugars in your food interact with the bacteria in your mouth that are naturally happening. This leads to a plaque on your teeth is formed.
  • It can cause your gum line to harden into tartar when plaque is left unattended. Tartar is more difficult to get rid of, and by simply brushing or flossing you can not remove it. To get rid of it, you’ll have to visit a dentist.
  • Plaque and tartar untreated lead to gingivitis. This is the start of periodontal disease that can cause irritation and inflammation in some of your gums around your teeth’s base.
  • If gingivitis is left unattended, periodontitis contributes to the development of pockets between your teeth and gums. Plaque, tartar, and fungi often fill these pockets.

Risk Factors:

periodontal ‘ most prevalent risk variables include:

  • Low oral hygiene
  • Gingivitis
  • Hormonal modifications or imbalances caused by pregnancy or menopause
  • Being obese
  • genetics — Family history of illness
  • Food deficiencies-like Vitamin C
  • Certain medicines that trigger gum modifications or increase the dryness in the mouth.
  • Leukemia and HIV / AIDS, which lead to your immune system.
  • Are caused by medications such as diabetes or rheumatoid arthritis or Crohn’s illness.

Because of the similarity of symptoms, many individuals confuse periodontitis with Gingivitis. You must, however, be aware that periodontitis is a developed gingivitis phase.

When To See A Dentist

If you realize that gingivitis recurrence in your situation, a dentist is best seen instantly. Check your teeth frequently or as your dentist recommends. The sooner therapy begins, the better the chances are that the harm will reverse before it becomes permanent.

When you visit a dentist, you could do the following tests to see if you have periodontitis or not.


Our dentist may first review your medical history and lifestyle to recognize any factors that may contribute to periodontitis growth. Your dentist might be

  • Examine your mouth to look for the condition’s symptoms.
  • Measure the depth of the pockets or holes created as a result of the situation.
  • A good mouth’s pockets are typically 1-3 mm deep. Deeper than 4 mm pockets show periodontitis.
  • Take dental X-rays to search for bone loss in deep pocket regions.

Once your doctor has confirmed periodontitis, some medications may be prescribed and you may be asked to make changes to the lifestyle.

Do not take for granted your oral health. Following a healthy routine of oral hygiene and frequent dental check-ups can go a long way in fighting and effectively preventing periodontitis.

Also Read: Preparing Your Teeth For Pregnancy